Glossary

Average Daily Population (Jail) is a count of the average number of people admitted into the jail. It is determined by taking the total number of jail admissions divided by the number of days in a period of time (a week, month, year, etc). For example, when using a year; total number of admissions into the jail divided by 365 produces the average daily population for a year. 

Citation and Release (Cite and Release) is an option given to arresting officers. A citation and release means that the accused is not taken to jail after an arrest. The individual is simply issued a citation and allowed to go home with the promise of showing up in court later. A citation is just a written notice.

Early Release from jail occurs when the jail gets too full and someone is 'matrixed' out of jail before the time they would otherwise serve.

Failure to Appear refers to individuals who have a court date and fail to appear for it. Individuals who do not appear at their court date are charged with failure to appear.

Forced Release is when an inmate is forced to be released from jail early in order to make room for new offenders according to policy using a ‘matrix’ score. It is also referred to as a 'forced release' because individuals are released from jail due to overcrowding and with the sole purpose of making space for those coming into the jail. They leave prior to the time they would be released if the jail space was not an issue. 

Frequency Distribution of Jail Population lists the number of individuals based on frequency of stay and gives a better representation of bed utilization.  

Matrix – When county jails get too full, a risk assessment tool applies a set of criteria called a 'matrix' to determine who the sheriffs’ office will release to make room for incoming arrestees.

NORCOR – Northern Oregon Regional Correctional Facility is a Regional Adult Corrections and Juvenile Detention complex located at The Dalles that serves Wasco, Hood River, Sherman and Gilliam counties.

Offender Classification System is one process used by jail and prison officials to assess inmates' security and treatment needs, predict their behavior and risk of reoffending, and to effectively allocate resources.

Risk / Need / Responsivity is a model used to assess and rehabilitate criminals. It includes three areas:

  • Risk principle asserts that criminal behavior can be reliably predicted and that the level of treatment should align with the intensity of risk; lower level responses for low risk offenders; medium treatment responses for medium risk to re-offend; and high intensity of treatment responses for high risk to re-offend individuals. It is important to note that treatment responses can occur within the corrections system such as jails, prison and outside of those facilities with people on probation and parole.
  • Need principle highlights the importance of factors which underlay criminal activity (criminogenic factors) in the design and delivery of treatment. The major areas are:
    • Antisocial personality patterns – Indicators include impulsive, adventurous pleasure seeking, restlessly aggressive and irritable, early onset of crime
    • Pro-criminal attitudes – Indicators include rationalizations for crime, negative attitudes towards the law, criminal friends, isolation from prosocial others
    • Substance abuse – Indicators include abuse of alcohol and/or other drugs
    • Family/marital relationships – Indicators include inappropriate parental monitoring and disciplining, poor family relationships
    • School/work – Indicators include poor performance, low levels of satisfaction with education
    • Prosocial recreational activities – Indicators include lack of involvement in prosocial recreational/leisure activities
    • The secondary areas include mental health and self-esteem
  • Responsivity principle describes how the treatment should be provided. It maximizes the offender's ability to learn from a rehabilitative intervention by providing cognitive behavioral treatment and tailoring the intervention to the learning style, motivation, abilities and strengths of the offender.

Risk To Re-offend Tools are validated risk assessment instruments that offer correctional agencies a clear understanding of the level of risk an offender poses to the community as well as appropriate targets for change.  The tool is used to determine level of risk to re-offend and also identifies areas for treatment to reduce involvement in criminal activity.  It focuses on Risk/Need/Responsivity.